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A brief history of 3D printing development

Date of release:2018-11-12 Author: Click:

A brief history of 3D printing development

1860 - François Willème's photosculpture method captures the object in three dimensions using a camera that surrounds the object.

1892 - Blanche first proposed the idea of using topographical maps for the formation of topographical maps.

1940 - Perera proposes a coincidence with Blanther, who proposes a method of cutting cardboard along contour contours and then laminating three-dimensional topographic maps.

1964 - dot matrix printer came out.

1969 - Laser printing appeared.

1972 - Thermal printing appeared.

1972 - Mastubara of Mitsubishi Motors proposes to use layers of photocurable materials (photopolymers) to produce parts layer by layer.

1976 - Inkjet printing appeared.

1977 - Swainson proposes that a stereo model can be directly fabricated by laser selective irradiation of a photopolymer; Schwerzel of Battelle Laboratories has also conducted similar research.

1979 - Professor Nakagawa of the University of Tokyo in Japan began using thin film technology to make practical tools such as injection molds and forming dies.

1981 - Hideo Kodama of the Industrial Research Institute of Nagoya, Japan, first proposed a design for a functional photopolymer rapid prototyping system.

1984 - Charles Hull (founder of 3D systems) invented stereolithography (SLA) technology and patented it in 1987.

1986 - Charles Hull founded 3D Systems, Inc., and developed the famous STL file format. The STL format has gradually become the industry standard for CAD/CAM system interface file formats.

1988 - 3D Systems introduces the world's first commercial 3D printer SLA-250 based on SLA technology, which is very large and Charles calls it a "stereo lithography machine".

1988 - Scott Crump invents another 3D printing technology, Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), and established Stratasys.

1989 - C.R. Dechard of the University of Texas at Austin invented the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process.

1992 - Stratasys introduces the first FDM-based 3D printer, marking the beginning of commercial FDM technology.

1992 - 3D Systems produced the first SLA 3D printer.

1992 - DTM produces the first SLS (selective laser sintering) equipment. This technology is similar to SLA technology, but it uses powder and laser instead of liquid.

1993 - Professor Emanual Sachs of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology invented Three-Dimension Printing (3DP), which bonds adhesives of metals and ceramics with adhesives.

1994 - Model Maker released a wax printer.

1996 - 3D Systems, Stratasys, and Z Corporation each launched the new generation of rapid prototyping devices Actua 2100, Genisys and Z402. The rapid prototyping technology is also known as 3D printing.

1997 - Aeromet invented laser additive manufacturing.

1999 - 3D Systems introduces the SLA 7000 3D printer for $800,000.

1999 - Scientists managed to use the patient's cells to create organs and support them with a 3D printed stent.

2000 - Object Geometries produced the first 3D inkjet printer.

2000 - Z Corp made the first color 3D printer.

2001 - Solidimension made the first desktop 3D printer.

2002 - 3D printed a small kidney. The goal of scientists is to produce full-size organs that work.

2002 - Stratasys introduces the Dimension series of desktop-class 3D printers. The Dimension series is relatively inexpensive, mainly based on FDM technology with ABS plastic as a molding material.

2005 - Z Corporation introduces the world's first high-precision color 3D printer Spectrum Z510.

2007 - 3D printing service startup Shapeways was formally established. Shapeways has established a large-scale online trading platform for 3D printing design to provide users with personalized 3D printing services.

2008 - The first open source desktop 3D printer RepRap released.

2008 - Stratasys produces the first biocompatible FDM material.

2008 - Produced the first 3D printed prosthesis.

2008 - 3D model network market Shapeways online.

2008 - Makerbot releases Thingiverse, a model that can share 3D (and other models) for free.

2009 - The desktop 3D printer company Makerbot was established.

2009 - Makerbot launches the RepRap Evolution Suite for Volkswagen.

2009 - Organovo prints blood vessels in 3D.

2011 - The first 3D printing car was born (Urbee).

2012 - LayerWise produces the first 3D printed chin in the Netherlands.

2012 - The famous British economics magazine "The Economist" published a cover article on the third industrial revolution, which set off a new wave of 3D printing.

2012 - Two leading companies in the field of 3D printing Stratasys and Israel Objet merged, the combined company is called Stratasys. The move further establishes Stratasys' leadership in 3D printing and digital manufacturing.

2012 - Formlabs was founded and released the world's first inexpensive high-precision SLA consumer desktop 3D printer Fom1, and the 3D printing project released on the famous crowdfunding website Kickstarter was very active.

2013 - US President Barack Obama's State of the Union speech highlighted the importance of 3D printing technology.

2014 - NASA transports 3D printers to the International Space Station.

2015 - China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Development and Reform Commission, and Ministry of Finance research and develop the National Additive Manufacturing Industry Development Promotion Plan (2015-2016)


To properly adhere the print bed that needs to be heated.

Easy to warp and crack

The extrusion temperature is around 220 degrees Celsius.

Can give off a smell

More flexible than PLA

Oil extraction

Parts can be welded with acetone/methyl ethyl ketone solvent 


No need for a heated bed

Minimal warpage

Extrusion temperature is 180-230 degrees Celsius (depending on extrusion per second)

Tasteless or "sweet"

Harder than ABS

Corn, beet extract.

More lustrous than ABS

Parts are not available for ready-made chemical soldering


Up to the recent 3 mm is the choice of print line diameter, but there is a trend towards 1.75 mm. Typically 1.75 mm allows for higher resolution (significant inconsistencies are reflected in the use of the 3 mm Ultimaker) and smoother operation. It should be noted that the tolerance control of 1.75 mm plastic wire is not very good compared to the tolerance of 3 mm. Some people may find that using 3 mm will have better results, but finer control from 1.75 mm is often overlooked. In addition, although some plastic spools are provided, no coils, 1.75 mm users will find that almost any package other than the spool is almost impossible (unless the coil is immediately transferred to the spool).

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Key word:3Dprintingdevelopment,3Dprintintmaterial,3Dprintingprices

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